Definitions of terms (F-G) used in Snooker and English Billiards
Refers to the inside edge of the cushions that the balls contact during play and which enclose the playing area.
See:- Cushion/s · Templates · Undercut
Any stroke that is allowed under the rules of the particular game being played.
See:- Foul Stroke
The curved edge on the bed of the table that forms the top of the pocket opening.
See:- Lip · Pocket/s · Templates
This used to have a similar meaning within the game as 'Address', but now seems to refer to an accidental (and foul) touch of the tip on the cue-ball as the player is taking aim.
See:- Address · Cue-Action
A thin 'tube' of brass, fibre or plastic which is fitted to the tip end of cues to absorb shock and protect the end of the cue from splitting.
Any thin contact between the cue-ball and object-ball. The thinner the contact the 'finer' the shot.
See:- Ball Contacts
The bevelled end of the butt of the cue. The butts were originally shaped this way to allow the player to turn his cue around and use it as a mace when necessary. These flattened areas are now only used by the manufacturers to fix their nameplates.
See:- Cue · Mace
Floating White - English Billiards
Describes the pot-cannon-pot-cannon sequence during a break at the top of the table where the white (or yellow) object-ball takes a different position after each cannon.
See:- 'Postman's Knock' · Top of the Table
Any shot that ends well for the player even though the outcome was completely unintentional. As a rule, hard-hitting players get more flukes than those playing with more control.
An early term used to describe the spin obtained by striking the cue-ball above centre.
See:- Follow-Through (B) · Top
A - Describes the last part of the cue-action where the cue 'follows-through' after striking the cue-ball.
B - A stroke in which the cue-ball continues in the same general direction as the object-ball.
See:- Cue-Action · Run-Through
Force an Angle
Describes a situation where the natural angle of the shot is of no use to the player, so an unnatural one must be created. This can either be done by attempting to pot a ball away from the centre of the pocket, or by using an extreme amount of side, top, backspin, strength or follow-through.
See:- Forcing Stroke · Natural Angle
Shots that are played with above average strength. They are used to force the cue-ball to take an unnatural but desired path, and are commonly used in snooker to open the pack of reds.
See:- Force an Angle · Power shots
Describes any player's performance compared to their ability. If playing well you are 'in-form' - if badly, 'out-of-form'.
Any stroke that contravenes the rules of the particular game being played.
See:- Fair Stroke · Penalty Points
A - A wooden or plastic triangle used in Snooker to position the fifteen red balls.
B - A single game of Snooker.
C - The supporting woodwork of a Billiard table.
Frame Ball - Snooker
The last ball a player needs to pot to win that particular frame.
See:- Game Ball · Match Ball
Free Ball - Snooker
A 'free' ball is awarded to any player who is snookered after a foul stroke. If the 'free' ball is potted, it scores the same number of points as the ball 'on'.
See:- Crawl Stroke · Foul · Nominated Ball
A perfectly straight shot, with the line of aim going through both the centre of the cue-ball and the centre of the object-ball.
See:- Ball Contacts
Similar to 'Frame Ball' and 'Match Ball' but more correctly used in team matches where players score one match point for winning a game that is decided on the aggregate score of two (or more) frames.
See:- Frame Ball · Match Ball
Gathering Cannon/s - English Billiards
Cannons played to bring the two object-balls (but not necessarily the cue-ball) close together into a small area of the table.
Green Spot - Snooker
The left-hand spot of the baulk-line on which the green is spotted.
See:- Baulk Spots · Spots